A little “state” idiom

{
    # ... something that needs to be done twice ...

    if ( not state $first_iteration_done++ ) {
        # ... something that must only happen after the first time ...
        redo;
    }
}

In general, some form of “if state $flag” can be used as a “have I been here?” idiom that avoids the need to mention the flag’s identifier anywhere else. Without state, one must repeat oneself some distance away at least to declare the flag in whichever outer scope has the appropriate lifetime.

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user-pic Waxing philosophical