Perl weekly challenge 101

Here are solutions to this weeks challenges from the Perl Weekly Challenge.

You can find my full code on Github

Task 1: Pack a Spiral

You are given an array @A of items (integers say, but they can be anything).

Your task is to pack that array into an MxN matrix spirally counterclockwise, as tightly as possible.

‘Tightly’ means the absolute value |M-N| of the difference has to be as small as possible.

Perl Weekly Challenge 100: Fun Time and Triangle Sum

These are some answers to the Week 100 of the Perl Weekly Challenge organized by Mohammad S. Anwar.

Task 1: Fun Time

You are given a time (12 hour / 24 hour).

Write a script to convert the given time from 12 hour format to 24 hour format and vice versa.

Ideally we expect a one-liner.

Example 1:

Input: 05:15 pm or 05:15pm
Output: 17:15

Example 2:

Input: 19:15
Output: 07:15 pm or 07:15pm

New compression module Gzip::Libdeflate

I've turned the libdeflate compression library into a CPAN module:


This is the gzip compression method, but updated.

It's supposed to be much faster and better than libz (the original gzip library).

Sometimes I am getting compression of as much as 30% better on some files.

So far I haven't tested whether or not it is faster.

See the module above for links to the original library and so on.

Since this is an early release, it's very likely indeed that bugs in the module are my fault rather than any problem with libdeflate, so please report them to me. to remain online

Despite still displaying the sunset message, it is in fact not going away forever on the 1st of March, but will have an 'extended downtime' while it is moved elsewhere. In future it'd be nice if communications of such things, and even allowing others to have a say on the matter, could be handled better.

See also:


Hi all,

I started the Inline::F2003 project in 2017 because I have a strong interest in modern Fortran and Perl programming.

The project features the Perl module Inline::F2003. This module allows modern Fortran source to be inlined and called from a Perl program. The module compiles the Fortran source and builds an executable shared library that is loaded into the Perl system.

Inline::F2003 is usually invoked at compile-time. The source fragment below shows typical use of the module.

An easy way to use WebSockets?

It's often (for work or for personal projects) that I need to create a real-time feature for a website. This can range from a simple notification whenever an event happens on the server of an existing website, to implementing a real-time multiplayer game or adding a feature inspired from social media websites.

Unfortunately the increase in complexity in code (Perl & JS) and architecture involved in setting up a reliable solution, very often made me forego the opportunity to use WebSockets for many of these projects, and instead resorted to http polling to keep the solution simple for the others to maintain.

So I started looking for a library with a client & server component, that would make life easier. The library would hopefully have to have the following features:

Perl weekly challenge 100

We are finally here - we have hit week 100 of Manwar's Perl Weekly Challenges, and here are solutions to this weeks challenges from the Perl Weekly Challenge.

You can find my full code on Github

Task 1: Fun time

You are given a time (12 hour / 24 hour). Write a script to convert the given time from 12 hour format to 24 hour format and vice versa. Ideally we expect a one-liner.
Example 1: Input: 05:15 pm or 05:15pm -> Output: 17:15
Example 2: Input: 19:15               -> Output: 07:15 pm or 07:15pm

The solution

Firstly I have to thank Manwar for asking for a one line solution as this is my modus operandi .... So we will look at this and see how we can get a simple yet compact solution... well here goes.... {code is 110 bytes, within the functions curly braces there are just 102 bytes of code}

berrybrew version 1.33 released!

I've released berrybrew version 1.33. This version has significant enhancements, along with some bug fixes and handling of some uncaught exceptions. The changes reflect versions 1.30 to 1.33.

Major changes include:


  • Allows you to install, switch to, remove and use Strawberry Perls directly
  • Can now spawn a CLI window for any Perl you have installed
  • Allows you to spawn a CLI window for the currently active Perl
  • Provides access to modify several of the core configuration options (debug, file association etc)
  • Allows you to disable all berrybrew Perls and restore to system default


  • Performs an upgrade on any previous berrybrew install
  • Adds any new configuration options, while preserving the values of any previously set existing ones
  • Provides facility to install the most recent version of Strawberry Perl
  • Allows you to have berrybrew manage the .pl file association
  • Allows you to have the UI run at system startup
  • Aborts if trying to install the same version that's already installed


  • You can now leave off the 32/64 bit prefix on a Perl name, and we'll default to _64
  • All execution paths return a proper exit code
  • Added new berrybrew hidden command, lists all, well, hidden commands

For all other changes, please refer to the Changes file.



Perl Weekly Challenge 99: Pattern Match and Unique Subsequence

These are some answers to the Week 99 of the Perl Weekly Challenge organized by Mohammad S. Anwar.

Spoiler Alert: This weekly challenge deadline is due in a couple of days (February 14, 2021). This blog post offers some solutions to this challenge, please don’t read on if you intend to complete the challenge on your own.

Task 1: Pattern Match

You are given a string $S and a pattern $P.

Write a script to check if given pattern validate the entire string. Print 1 if pass otherwise 0.

The patterns can also have the following characters: - ? - Match any single character. - * - Match any sequence of characters.

Example 1:

Input: $S = "abcde" $P = "a*e"
Output: 1

Example 2:

Input: $S = "abcde" $P = "a*d"
Output: 0

Example 3:

Perl 7: A Modest Proposal

I've written a new blog post on Perl 7 (prev: Perl 7: A Risk-Benefit Analysis and Perl 7 By Default). You can find it, and likely my future posts, on, for similar reasons as mentioned here.

Perl 7: A Modest Proposal

You can now use the spvmcc command to generate an executable file from the SPVM source code.

You can now use the spvmcc command to generate an executable file from the SPVM source code.

SPVM is a module that can convert Perl-like source code into C language and execute it.

I have succeeded in generating an executable in a very stable way.

SPVM source code

Who you gonna call? Perl client and website for Google Civic Information API

I recently became aware of a very cool service provided by the Google. The Civic Information API provides contact information for all elected representatives (from head of state down to municipal official) for any US address.

I wrote the Perl client for the API, published as Net::Google::CivicInformation. Get a free API token and you're up and running.

This was a satisfying project because I can imagine people finding actual value in the product. I'm all for being vocal with our government! I decided to take it a step further and created a webservice interfacing to the API. It's written in Dancer2 and the source code is on Github (at the urging of ++GabSzab who pointed out that there are few examples of Dancer2 apps for developers to study.)

The site is online now at Please give it a try. Feedback welcome!


Monthly Report - January

Let's look at the brighter side ...

Did you have chance to read my annual report?

I have been doing monthly report for many years now.

Why? What is the point?

Well, let me answer the first question, Why? To be honest with you, I do it to keep myself motivated. I need some kind of (self) motivation to carry on what I do on a daily basis. Now to answer the second question, What is the point? It helps me to keep track and follow the progress.

I found the truth about GameStop, Qanon, the Biden adminstration, and the British Royal Family

The British Royal Family and GameStop have been in a secret war with each other for hundreds of years. Nobody knows why. GameStop has included it in their manifesto and the Royals is always untrustworthy. They leave clues to mock us! GAMESTOP HAS INCLUDED IT IN THEIR MANIFESTO! MOCK! MOCK!

There is more:

Q found out that reincarnation is true and he has been imprisoned in The Pentagon. Qanon are protecting this secret. The Biden administration knows the truth but Qanon have paid them off with a warehouse full of holy water. The Wikipedia entry for The Pentagon keeps getting edited by the Biden administration and Qanon even admit it. They leave clues to mock us.

You too can find out the truth about what's REALLY going on here or here

Dancer2 0.300005 Released

Well, it’s been a hot minute since the last release, hasn’t it? Dancer2 0.300005 has landed on CPAN and features a number of bug fixes, enhancements, and doc patches:

Mood Lighting

The lighting in my bedroom uses Philips Hue bulbs — specifically, the coloured ones. Last night, I decided it would be nice to set the three lights in my bedroom to cycle slowly through a set of warm colours using a script.

I didn't want harsh transitions from one colour to the next, but for the lighting to fade from one colour to the next in a smooth gradient. Also, I didn't want the three bulbs to all be the exact same colour, but wanted each bulb to be at different stage in the cycle, like they're "chasing" each other through the colours.

So I whipped up a quick script. It requires the command-line tool hueadm to be installed and set up before we start. You can run hueadm lights to get a list of available lights, and in particular, their ID numbers.

Regarding the closure of rt.cpan.

Let me preface this short post with this, I don't have the solution to this problem. Perhaps there is someone in the wider Perl space who is well placed to pick this up, but there seems to be little going on in terms of community engagement.

In the first week of 2021 I noticed a link to this sunset message for rt.cpan behind displayed on the rt.cpan homepage. Firstly I believe the notification on the page could be highlighted better, grey on grey, on a page with lots of grey isn't exactly eye catching.

At the time the linked article didn't contain much information, besides a date. It has since been updated with links to resources to migrate tickets elsewhere.

Perl weekly challenge 096 - Raku

This is a Raku answer for the 096 Perl Weekly Challenge


Exercise 1

The first task consists in writing a script to reverse the order of words without leading/trailing spaces. These are the examples:

Example 1:
Input: $S = "The Weekly Challenge"
Output: "Challenge Weekly The"

Example 2:
Input: $S = " Perl and Raku are part of the same family "
Output: "family same the of part are Raku and Perl"

This is easy to implement in Raku due to the many routines and methods included by default:

sub challenge( $string ) {
  return $string.words.reverse;

Exercise 2

The second exercise is the implementation of the Wagner–Fischer algorithm to compute the edit distance between two strings of characters. Raku shows the muscle of its support for OOP, allowing to almost literally write down the algorithm as a class. This is the pseudocode algorithm on Wikipedia:

Roles, h'uh, what are they good for?

What is a role? Put simply, roles are a form of code reuse. Often, the term shared behavior is used. Roles are said to be consumed and the methods ( including attribute accessors ) are flattened into the consuming class.

One of the major benefits of roles is they attempt to solve the diamond problem encountered in multi-inheritance by requiring developers to resolve name collisions manually that arise in multi-inheritance. Don't be fooled however, roles are a form of multi-inheritance.

I often see roles being used in ways they shouldn’t be. Let’s look at the mis-use of roles, then see an example of shared behavior.

I’m using that word inheritance a lot for a reason, one of the two ways I see roles most often misused is to hide an inheritance nightmare.

A Static Archive of

I have created a static archive of - it is avaliable at This is now what will be the official static archive once is sunset.

The static archive is a git repo, hosted using github pages. The repo can be found at and it has a README that explains how the archive is/was built and URL structure.

The archive is generally complete, it will be updated one more time before the end of February this year. If you discover any issues then please raise an issue using the github link above. If you need to search the archive then you can do that using the gihub link above also, or git clone it and use the command line.

Happy New Year!

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