\d does not validate numbers
points us to this Perl FAQ:
Unfortunately, the regular expression part of the above FAQ page is wrong. \d doesn't validate numbers, unless you have already verified that your input contains only ASCII characters.
What \d does is to validate whether a number is regarded as a numeral in Unicode. For example, \d will happily match things like U+07C2: '߂' NKO DIGIT TWO, or 096F: '९' DEVANAGARI DIGIT NINE, and 360 other characters which are not valid as numerals. If you need to use a regular expression to validate whether something is a number, use [0-9] to match digits, not \d.
The reason I'm aware of these defects in the use of \d for validating numbers is because of having used it to validate user input at the following web pages:
Before I removed \d everywhere a few years ago, it was not uncommon to unravel bugs resulting from people typing in Devangari or other non-ASCII numerals which had been validated using \d.
(This post was edited on 4 December 2018 to remove links to some old pages which are now gone from my web site.)