The current state: The Perl interpreter and most of CPAN are provided under the Artistic 1.0 license and the GPL1.0 license. The Artistic 1.0 license was written by Larry Wall and due to its problems Perl is simultaneously licensed under the GPL 1.0 License.
It is the de-facto standard to license software published to CPAN under the same terms as the Perl interpreter.
The Artistic 2.0 license supersedes the Artistic 1.0 license and is designed to overcome its problems. Raku uses this license as it was specifically created for Perl 6. Mojolicious also uses this license.