## Perl Weekly Challenge 272: String Score

These are some answers to the Week 272, Task 2, of the Perl Weekly Challenge organized by Mohammad S. Anwar.

Spoiler Alert: This weekly challenge deadline is due in a few days from now (on June 9, 2024 at 23:59). This blog post provides some solutions to this challenge. Please don’t read on if you intend to complete the challenge on your own.

## Task 2: String Score

You are given a string, `\$str`.

Write a script to return the score of the given string.

The score of a string is defined as the sum of the absolute difference between the ASCII values of adjacent characters.

Example 1

``````Input: \$str = "hello"
Output: 13

ASCII values of characters:
h = 104
e = 101
l = 108
l = 108
o = 111

Score => |104 - 101| + |101 - 108| + |108 - 108| + |108 - 111|
=> 3 + 7 + 0 + 3
=> 13
``````

Example 2

``````Input: "perl"
Output: 30

ASCII values of characters:
p = 112
e = 101
r = 114
l = 108

Score => |112 - 101| + |101 - 114| + |114 - 108|
=> 11 + 13 + 6
=> 30
``````

Example 3

``````Input: "raku"
Output: 37

ASCII values of characters:
r = 114
a = 97
k = 107
u = 117

Score => |114 - 97| + |97 - 107| + |107 - 117|
=> 17 + 10 + 10
=> 37
``````

In some programming languages, you can subtract characters directly. For example, `'c' - 'a'` would yield 2. In Perl and in Raku, you need to use the `ord` method or function to explicitly convert characters to their ASCII values before you can perform the subtraction..

### String Score in Raku

Not much to say. We loop through the letters of the input string, convert them to ASCII values, perform the subtraction and add the absolute value of the difference to the result.

``````sub string-score (\$in) {
my \$result = 0;
my @let = \$in.comb;
for 1 .. @let.end -> \$i {
\$result += (@let[\$i].ord - @let[\$i - 1].ord).abs;
}
return \$result;
}
for <hello perl raku> -> \$test {
printf "%-8s => ", \$test;
say string-score \$test;
}
``````

This program displays the following output:

``````\$ raku ./string-score.raku
hello    => 13
perl     => 30
raku     => 37
``````

### String Score in Perl

This is a port to Perl of the above Raku program.

``````use strict;
use warnings;
use feature 'say';

sub string_score {
my \$result = 0;
my @let = split //, shift;
for my \$i (1 .. \$#let) {
\$result += abs (ord(\$let[\$i]) - ord(\$let[\$i - 1]));
}
return \$result;
}
for my \$test (qw<hello perl raku>) {
printf "%-8s => ", \$test;
say string_score \$test;
}
``````

This program displays the following output:

``````\$ perl string-score.pl
hello    => 13
perl     => 30
raku     => 37
``````

## Wrapping up

The next week Perl Weekly Challenge will start soon. If you want to participate in this challenge, please check https://perlweeklychallenge.org/ and make sure you answer the challenge before 23:59 BST (British summer time) on June 16, 2024. And, please, also spread the word about the Perl Weekly Challenge if you can.

## Leave a comment

### About laurent_r

I am the author of the "Think Perl 6" book (O'Reilly, 2017) and I blog about the Perl 5 and Raku programming languages.