## The Weekly Challenge 189/2

The

Task 2 was rather interesting in the week 189.

You are given an array of 2 or more non-negative integers.

Write a script to find out the smallest slice, i.e. contiguous subarray of the original array, having the degree of the given array.

The degree of an array is the maximum frequency of an element in the array.

## The Weekly Challenge 145

The Task 2 of the Weekly Challenge #145 asked us to build a Palindromic Tree. It also linked to a blog post explaining the "Eertree" data structure.

Maybe it was just me, but I found the blog post confusing. Fortunately, it further linked to a scientific paper that introduced the structure around 2014.

## Product SubArray

Given a list of **4 or more** numbers, write a script to find the contiguous sublist that has the maximum product. The length of the sublist is irrelevant; your job is to maximize the product.
Example

Input: `[ 2, 5, -1, 3 ]`

Output: `[ 2, 5 ]`

which gives maximum product `10`

.

The easiest (but probably not the fastest) method would be to start from each position and compute the products of all the possible sublists starting at the position, remembering the positions where the product is maximal.

I automatically reached for List::Util’s `product`

to get the products easily, but alas! Running

`product(-1, 3)`

caused a *Floating point exception* (bug reported). So, I had to implement `product`

myself:

## Excel Column

Write a script that accepts a number and returns the Excel Column Name it represents and vice-versa.
Excel columns start at **A** and increase lexicographically using the 26 letters of the English alphabet, **A..Z**. After **Z**, the columns pick up an extra “digit”, going from **AA**, **AB**, etc., which could (in theory) continue to an arbitrary number of digits. In practice, Excel sheets are limited to 16,384 columns.

Example

Input Number: 28
Output: AB
Input Column Name: AD
Output: 30

This seemed like a simple base 10 to base 26 conversion and back. I started by installing Math::Base::Convert, Math::BaseConvert, Math::BaseCnv, and Convert::AnyBase to quickly discover they wouldn’t help me much. What Excel uses for column names is a weird 26 digit system that lacks a symbol for zero, but has a symbol for 26 (or for 10_{26}). It’s called the bijective base-26 numeration system. The interesting fact about such systems is that digit addition, subtraction, and multiplication work the same way as in our common system (division is a bit problematic).

## Linked List

You are given a linked list and a value **k**. Write a script to partition the linked list such that all nodes less than **k** come before nodes greater than or equal to **k**. Make sure you preserve the original relative order of the nodes in each of the two partitions.
For example:

Linked List: 1 → 4 → 3 → 2 → 5 → 2
k = 3
Expected Output: 1 → 2 → 2 → 4 → 3 → 5.

We saw Linked List not so long ago, when solving the LRU Cache. Nevertheless, I didn’t reuse my solution, as I previously used a cyclic variant which doesn’t seem to be helpful here.

So, let’s start with a class of list elements. I call them “nodes”. Each node has a value and a link to a next node (undef if there’s none). A node can be disconnected from the next node, or a new node can be attached to it.